The endocanabinoid system (Endo meaning within and cannabinoid) refers to a compound that fits into a cannabinoid receptor. Also known as (ECS) the endocannabinoid system was first discovered in 1992 when Rapheal Mechoulam found the first endogenous cannabinoid.
The ECS is an abundance of cell receptors and molecules. The receptors are situated on the surface of body cells and are like padlocks. The keys to the padlocks are chemical molecules called agonists.
Each time an agonist comes into contact with a cell it recieves a message giving a specific instruction.
The endocannabinoid system is a multitude of cell receptors that respond to specific types of agonists. There are two primary cell receptors that make up the ECS, CB1 and CB2. The keys for these receptors are called endocannabinoids.
The ECS has a range of different functions with receptors situated in specific parts of the body. A large quantity of CB1 receptors reside in the central nervous system while CB2 receptors are found in immune cells and in the peripheral nervous system.
The many locations of these receptors in the body indicates the significance endocannabinoids have in day to day life. They help regulate: sleep, mood, immune function, memory, pain, appetite, digestion and hunger. Endocannabinoids are the messengers that tell the body when to start and stop these processes. They help keep optimal balance throughout the body this is known as homeostasis.
The endocannabinoid system is designed to respond to endogenous cannibinoids. However, scientists have discovered that the ECS will also respond to external sources such as the photocannabinoid cannabidol (CBD). Endo-cannibinoids are produced naturally in the body. Photo-canabinoids are produced by the cannabis plant.
When supplementing with cbd it enables the endocannabioids system to run at an optimal level ensuring a healthy balanced lifestyle.